Brit Conversions

Oven Temperatures

Fahrenheit / Celsius / Gas Mark

225 / 110 / 1/4
250 / 120 / 1/2
275 / 130 / 1
300 / 150 / 2
325 / 165 / 3
350 / 180 / 4
375 / 190 / 5
400 / 200 / 6
425 / 220 / 7
450 / 230 / 8
475 / 245 / 9


Liquid Measures

US / Metric

1/2 cup or 4 fluid ounces / 118 ml
1 cup or 8 fluid ounces / 236 ml
1 US pint or 16 fluid ounces / 473 ml
20 fluid ounces US / 591 ml or 1 pint UK


Weights and Measures


US / Metric

1/2 cup, 8 tablespoons, 4 ounces or 1 stick butter / 110 grams
1 packed cup or 5 ounces flour / 142 grams
1 cup or 7 ounces sugar / 200 grams
1/3 cup or 2 1/4 ounces sugar / 65 grams
1/4 cup or 1 3/4 ounces sugar / 50 grams


Cooking Terms

US / UK

all-purpose flour / plain flour
bacon / streaky bacon
baking soda / bicarb or bicarbonate of soda
bread flour / strong flour
cheesecloth / muslin
confectioner's or powdered sugar / icing sugar
cream, heavy or whipping / double cream
eggplant / aubergine
electric hand mixer / electric hand whisk
extract / essence
graham crackers / digestive biscuits
ground beef / minced beef
half and half / single cream
milk, reduced-fat / semi-skimmed
molasses / treacle
plastic wrap / cling film
rutabaga / swede
wax paper / greaseproof paper
zucchini / courgette


Substitutions



Eggs: 
Standard egg sizing in the UK is different from that in the US. All of my recipes call for large eggs US (57 to 64 grams) which are medium eggs UK (53 to 63 grams). Large eggs UK (63 to 73 grams) are extra large eggs US (64 to 71 grams).

Buttermilk: To make 1 cup buttermilk substitute, put 3 measuring teaspoons of white vinegar or lemon juice in measuring cup and add enough milk to make 1 cup; stir and let stand 5 minutes. OR to get a thick substitute (cultured buttermilk is rather thick), put 1 1/2 teaspoons white vinegar or lemon juice in measuring cup and add 1/2 cup plain unsweetened yogurt and enough milk to make 1 cup; stir and let stand 5 minutes.

Self-Raising (or Self-Rising) Flour: To make 1 cup, whisk together 1 cup all-purpose flour, 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/4 teaspoon salt.


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